Department of Agricultural Economics


The post- graduate teaching in Agricultural Economics started in year 1962 at Ranchi Agricultural College, Kanke, Ranchi with one Professor and one Assistant Professor and first batch of students passed out in 1963-64. After the establishment of Rajendra Agricultural University the post- graduate teaching along with positions of Professor and research projects like Agro- Economic Research and Comprehensive Cost of Cultivation Scheme were transferred from Ranchi Agriculture College, Kanke, to Tirhut College of Agriculture, Dholi, Muzaffarpur in 1975 which was subsequently shifted to Pusa with its constitution unit as Department of Agricultural Economics at TCA Dholi.

For the first one and half decades the department concentrated mainly on developing and strengthening its under-graduate and post-graduate teaching programmes. It was in the year 1976-77 that the university decided to strengthen the faculty position of the department leading to initiation of Doctoral Programme in the Department in year 1983. The faculty members of the department specialize in the fields of Production Economics, Farm Management, Agricultural Finance, Agricultural Management, Agricultural Marketing, Resource Economics, Livestock Economics, Agricultural Labour and Agrarian Relations.

As many as 160 students have so far completed their Master’s degree and about 10 students have completed their PhD in the department. The department is also helping other sister departments/ colleges of the Faculty of Agriculture and Faculty of Basic Sciences and Humanities in their teaching programmes in addition to this department also takes care of teaching the agricultural economics and management courses of Colleges of Home Science, Agricultural Engineering, Fisheries and Agri-Business Management.

Thrust Areas

  1. Growth performance of Bihar Agriculture- Causal perspective
  2. Agrarian structure (Structural constraints) and Production relation (Transitional Mode of Production) in Bihar.
  3. Farm (and crop) Diversity Vs Food Security
  4. Irrigated Vs Unirrigated Agriculture
  5. Labour- migration and employment
  6. Marketing and export potentiality of high value horticultural crops in Bihar
  7. Finance and Co- operation
  8. Crops studies include constraints analysis viz., rice, rice- wheat system, and commercial crops including species.
  9. Crop – adjustment under different eco- systems and economics of water management.
  10. Allied sectors such as dairy and fisheries.

Comprehensive Cost of Cultivation Scheme

A Comprehensive scheme for studying the cost of cultivation of principal crops was initiated in 1970-71 as a follow-up of the recommendations made by the standing technical committee on Indices of input Costs. The technical details of the scheme were worked out by the Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute. The estimates of cost of production generated under the scheme are being supplied to CACP (Commission for Cost and Prices, Govt. of India)  for their use in recommending minimum support price of crops.

The scheme was formulated and approved during fourth five year plan from time a few modifications were effected and since its inception the scheme has been continuing as a plan scheme in successive five year plans. The scheme started in Bihar in 1971 and Rajendra Agricultural University was given the responsibility of implementing the scheme. Since its inception, the scheme was in operation at Ranchi Agricultural College which was an integral part of RAU. Later on in 1975 it shifted to Tirhut College of Agriculture, Dholi (Muzaffarpur).

 As of now, the scheme is in operation in 19 states of the country. Bihar is one them from a humble beginning of wheat crop in 1970-71 and that of paddy in 1971-72, the scope and coverage has been gradually increased to cover 26 crops now for different states. Yet there has been demand for enlarging the coverage of crops under study on cost of production in view of increased pressure for bringing more crops under price support and market intervention operation. The demand has also been increasing to provide disaggregated data about use of various inputs and yield according to size classes, levels of technology, employment pattern and size of investment etc. to the planning commission, Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) and various other organizations for planning and policy decisions. Parliament is also often appraised for issues on cost of cultivation.

Direction of Future Research

In the Department, there has already been emphasis on research aspects of current importance with a vision of making them future thrust areas of the department viz. evaluation of technology, constraints analysis, prioritization of agricultural research, poverty alleviation programme, and food and nutrition security. Agricultural export management of rural institutions, major farming system etc. studies along with its cost – risk return structure is also needed. Some efforts have no doubt been made however; it needs more systematic thinking and efforts. Studies on the lines of all the sub- systems are needed under overall socio- economic system of the agrarian community of Bihar. Agricultural   and rural development along with hindering and facilitation  factors are to be viewed so that the strategy for economy development is formulated  for  accelerating the growth rate of stagnating Bihar Agriculture to match the pace of national economic development.

Faculty Strength


Name Designation Contact No. E-mail Id
Dr. K. M. Singh Professor 9431060157
Dr. D. K. Sinha Professor & Head 9430259717
Sri S. K. Jha Assistant Professor 9431063969
Dr. R. R. Mishra Assistant Professor 9931772233
Sri L. N. Singh Assistant Professor 9955030158
Dr Amalendu Kumar Assistant Professor 9431205321
Sri Janmejay Kumar Assistant Professor 9430806419
Sri Udhav Prasad Singh Assistant Professor 9451895940
Sri Shivpoojan Assistant Professor 9934790259